Safety Resources for Cyclists
When it comes to staying safe while biking, both road and off-road cycling can be dangerous. When biking in urban areas, cyclists need to familiarize themselves with all applicable cycling rules and traffic laws. Cyclists need to be well aware of traffic, motorists, and pedestrians, and they should take special care to ensure that they are visible to everyone on the road. Safety equipment like helmets is essential and cyclists should always ensure that their bicycles are road-ready before they begin their ride.
Off-road biking has a variety of unique challenges that should make safety a top priority for cyclists. The smooth surfaces of city biking are non-existent when on an unpaved trail, so proper safety gear is a necessity. Off-road cycling can be physically demanding, so cyclists should know their bodies and their limits to prevent injuries. Likewise, off-road cyclists should be using a proper bike that is suited for rocky terrain to prevent accidents.
- Bicycle Safety and Head Injuries - Information for the Center of Disease Control and Prevention.
- Kids and Bike Safety - Bicycle safety tips for kids.
- Mountain Biking Safety - Safety tips for off-road biking.
- Road Safety - Tips for avoiding biking collisions on the road.
- Dangers of Cycling - Information from Canada's Share the Road Cycling Coalition.
Helmet Use and Cycling
Bicycle helmets are designed to protect the head of a cyclist during biking accidents. Roughly 900 people die as a result of bicycle crashes each year in the U.S., and 75% of these casualties are a result of head injuries. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, evidence shows that helmets reduce the risk of injury and even death, so the organization recommends that all cyclists wear properly-fitting helmets each time that they ride.
The Consumer Products Safety Commission and the American Society for Testing Materials examine helmets to ensure that they are fit to protect bikers from a variety of impacts that can result in massive head trauma. However, cyclists need to ensure that their helmet fits properly before riding. A helmet that fits well should be snug but not too tight, and it should sit at a level position on the head. The helmet should not be tilted back, and the front edge should be situated no more than one inch above the eyebrows.
- Helmet Fitting - How to ensure a helmet fits properly.
- Buying a Helmet - What to look for when making a helmet purchase.
- Cycle Helmets - Research about the use of bicycle helmets.
- Bicycle Helmets 2015 - Reports on the newest bicycle helmets on the market.
- Bicycle Helmet Laws - A map indicating state bicycle helmet laws.
- Full vs. Open Face Helmets - Choose the best option.
- Kids and Bike Helmets - Information from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
- Bike Helmet Recalls - Information about government bike helmet recalls.
Other Cycling Safety Equipment
In addition to helmets, there are other types of safety equipment that cyclists can use to stay safe while biking. Aside from helmets, gloves are the most-used piece of bicycle safety equipment. Gloves can protect the skin on the hands in the event of a fall onto the pavement. Many gloves are padded to protect the fingers and hands from compression stress that may result from holding the handlebars on long rides. Mouthguards and full body armor can also be beneficial for cyclist safety.
Nighttime biking is especially dangerous for cyclists on traditional or e-bike electric bikes, as nearly half of all fatal bicycle accidents in 2012 occurred between 4:00 PM and midnight. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, only four out of ten bicyclists that ride at night claim to use bike headlights or reflective clothing to make themselves more visible. Even fewer people claimed to use taillights, reflectors, or body lights to stay safe while biking after dark.
- Benefits of Cycling Gloves - Why you should wear gloves while biking.
- Biking at Night - Tips for staying safe while biking at night.
- Bike Reflectors - The importance of using reflectors while biking.
- Types of Reflectors - Reviewing the performance of bike reflectors.
- Other Safety Equipment - Safety equipment (other than helmets) for cyclists.
- Cycling and Safety Gear - Information from the NSW Centre for Road Safety.
Bicycle Safety Courses and Other Resources
Bicycle safety courses are available for children and adults to teach the skills that cyclists will need to stay safe while biking. These courses provide cyclists with the confidence and skills that they need to ride legally and safely on the trails or in traffic. Safety tips and equipment will be reviewed, as will crash avoidance techniques, on-bike skills, and safety checks. Advanced courses may focus on the topics of mechanics, training for long bike rides, Paceline skills, and all-weather riding.
Many communities and employers are encouraging workers to save energy and to commute to work by biking. Commuting can provide numerous health benefits to the rider, and it can reduce the cyclist's environmental impact, but it can also be dangerous. Therefore, it is often recommended that employees who will be commuting to work by bike first take a specialized safety course. Important topics will be reviewed, including bike parking, lighting, route selection, and dealing with clothing and cargo.
- Summer Biking Safety - Tips from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
- Bicycle Safety Courses - Class offerings from the League of American Bicyclists.
- Bicycle Traffic Courses - Online courses to teach cyclists how to ride safely in urban areas.
- Biking Safely in Boston - Tips for biking safely in the City of Boston.
- Biking Health Benefits - Biking safely can provide your body with numerous health benefits.
- Alternative Transportation: Bicycling - For many older riders, a medium-weight mountain bike or a hybrid may make the most sense.
- Promoting Safe Cycling - Tips for communities to promote safe bicycling.